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中国7月官方制造业PMI回落至51.4 不及预期

发布时间:2018-11-08 11:35
据国家统计局数据,中国7月官方制造业PMI 51.4,不及预期 51.5,较上月PMI数据 51.7相比有所回落。另外,中国7月官方非制造业PMI 54.5,较上月54.9相比也有所回落。
 
According to the National Bureau of Statistics, China's official manufacturing industry PMI 51.4 in July was lower than expected 51.5, down from last month's PMI 51.7. In addition, China's official non manufacturing PMI in July was 54.5, down from 54.9 last month.
 
 
 
分企业规模看,大型企业PMI为52.9%,比上月上升0.2个百分点,连续两个月回升;中型企业PMI为49.6%,比上月下降0.9个百分点,落至临界点以下;小型企业PMI为48.9%,比上月下降1.2个百分点,低于临界点。
 
In terms of the size of enterprises, the PMI of large enterprises is 52.9%, up 0.2 percentage points from last month, rising for two consecutive months; the PMI of medium enterprises is 49.6%, down 0.9 percentage points from last month, falling below the critical point; and the PMI of small enterprises is 48.9%, down 1.2 percentage points from last month, below the critical point.
 
 
 
统计局解读PMI数据称,制造业采购经理指数走势总体平稳,受产能过剩、结构调整等因素影响,石油加工及炼焦业、非金属矿物制品业行业PMI连续3个月位于收缩区间,低于制造业总体水平。非制造业商务活动指数延续平稳扩张态势。此外,近四成企业反映劳动力成本上涨,企业用工成本压力依然较大。
 
According to the PMI data interpreted by the Bureau of Statistics, the PMI of the manufacturing industry is generally stable. Affected by overcapacity and structural adjustment, the PMI of the petroleum processing and coking industry and the non-metallic mineral products industry has been in the contraction range for three consecutive months, which is lower than the overall level of the manufacturing industry. The non manufacturing business activity index continued to expand steadily. In addition, nearly 40% enterprises reflect the rise of labor costs, and the cost of labor costs is still relatively large.
 
 
 
兴业研究宏观团队点评7月PMI称,7月PMI回落的主因在外需。 新出口订单下降1.1个百分点,而总的新订单仅下降0.3个百分点;内需指标犹强,进口指标小幅下降0.1个百分点,大企业PMI和建筑业PMI连续两个月上升;原材料购进价格大幅上升,预示7月PPI同比或出现暂时性的反弹。
 
Commented on July by PMI, the macroeconomic research team of Xingye research group said that the main reason for the fall of PMI in July was external demand. New export orders fell by 1.1 percentage points, while total new orders fell by only 0.3 percentage points; domestic demand indicators were still strong, import indicators dropped by 0.1 percentage points, PMI of large enterprises and construction industry rose for two consecutive months; purchase prices of raw materials rose sharply, indicating that PPI rebounded year-on-year or temporary in July.
 
 
 
从分类指数看,在构成制造业PMI的5个分类指数中,生产指数、新订单指数和供应商配送时间指数高于临界点,原材料库存指数和从业人员指数低于临界点。据统计局数据:
 
From the perspective of classification index, among the five categories of PMI, production index, new order index and supplier distribution time index are higher than the critical point, while raw material inventory index and employee index are lower than the critical point. According to Statistics Bureau:
 
 
 
生产指数为53.5%,比上月回落0.9个百分点,仍位于扩张区间,表明制造业生产增速有所减缓。
 
The production index is 53.5%, down 0.9 percentage points from last month, still in the expansion zone, indicating that the growth rate of manufacturing production has slowed down.
 
 
 
新订单指数为52.8%,比上月回落0.3个百分点,继续位于临界点之上,表明制造业市场需求扩张略有放缓。
 
The new order index is 52.8%, down 0.3 percentage points from last month, and continues to be above the critical point, indicating a slight slowdown in the expansion of manufacturing market demand.
 
 
 
原材料库存指数为48.5%,比上月下降0.1个百分点,低于临界点,表明制造业主要原材料库存量持续下降。
 
The stock index of raw materials is 48.5%, down 0.1 percentage point from last month, below the critical point, indicating that the inventory of main raw materials in manufacturing industry has continued to decline.
 
 
 
从业人员指数为49.2%,比上月回升0.2个百分点,低于临界点,表明制造业企业用工量降幅有所收窄。
 
Employees'index was 49.2%, up 0.2 percentage points from last month, lower than the critical point, indicating that the decline in employment of manufacturing enterprises has narrowed.
 
 
 
供应商配送时间指数为50.1%,比上月上升0.2个百分点,升至临界点之上,表明制造业原材料供应商交货时间有所加快。
 
The supplier distribution time index is 50.1%, up 0.2 percentage points from last month, rising above the critical point, indicating that the delivery time of raw material suppliers in manufacturing industry has accelerated.
 
 
 
消息发布后,澳元/美元跌幅扩大,现报0.7958,日内跌0.35%。
 
After the news release, the Australian dollar / US dollar declines expanded, now 0.7958, down 0.35% in the day.

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